In North American English, advice is most often given using should. The advice can be direct when one person talks to another or to themselves, or indirect when the person isn’t giving the advice to the person, but is saying what he/she believes is the right thing to do. Should is always followed by the simple form of the verb.
The first mention of soap dates from about 2800 BCE in ancient Babylon. It was made by mixing oil from the cassia tree and ashes from a fire and boiling the two together in water. A white foam would form at the top of the pot, and this would harden into soap when it cooled. In other parts of the world, people started making soap with other plant oils, but the method was the same. In ancient Rome animal fat rather than plant oil was used. The process of making soap was expensive, however, so it was only used by the rich. In the 8th century when production increased, soap became common in Italy, France and Spain, but people in the rest of Europe rarely used it until the 17th century. Even in 1672 when an Italian gentleman sent a bar of soap to his German lady friend, he had to include instructions on how to use it. In the late 18th century, the use of soap increased because of the industrializedproduction of bar soap and because people understood that using soap made them healthier because it washed away microorganisms. Around 1790 Nicolas Leblanc, a French chemist, figured out how to get sodium hydroxide (commonly known as lye) from salt, and used this in place of wood ash to make soap. Today soap is used by people all over the world. It is made from palm oil, coconut oil, olive oil or laurel oil. If combined with sodium hydroxide, a harder soap results, and if combined with potassium hydroxide, a softer soap results.
afford: to have enough money or time for (something) I can’t afford a new car this year. Can we afford to ignore his advice? beg: to ask desperately She begged her father for a loan until she found a job. I beg of you; please don’t hurt me. cause: to make happen The accident on the highway caused thousands to be late for work. Did you hear that loud noise last night? I wonder what caused it. confuse: to make unclear Calculus has always confused me. The teacher instructions confused some of the students. damage: to break or hurt something The explosion damaged his eardrums. The flood damaged all their furniture. embarrass: to make (someone) feel shame I want you to behave and not embarrass me at the party. His brother embarrassed him by dancing much better. guarantee: to promise that if you don’t like something, you’ll get your money back The store guaranteed their customers’ satisfaction. The online store guarantees delivery in five business days. itch: to have an irritation on your body that needs to be scratched My right ear has been itching ever since we went swimming yesterday. My toes itch so bad that I can’t stop scratching them. mend: to fix (clothing, heart, relationship) How do you mend a broken heart? I can mend those holes in your jeans, if you like. possess: to have as your own He possesses the ability to make people believe him. We know that you possess two handguns. Where’s the other? prevent: to stop (something) from happening I can’t prevent my teenage daughter from seeing her boyfriend. Only you can prevent forest fires. reflect: to bounce back after hitting a surface, such as light White roofs reflect sunlight back into space and help cool the earth. The mirror reflected an image of a tired old man. require: to need This job requires someone with patience and skill. He requires absolute silence when he’s studying. shock: to give great surprise, horror or disgust She shocked her parents when she said she wasn’t going to university. He enjoyed shocking his sister with a dead snake. wonder: to think about curiously I wonder what’s taking her so long. She should be here by now. Do you ever wonder what it would be like to fly?
an Australian pop duo consisting of singer Darren Hayes and instrumentalist Daniel Jones. Formed in 1994, the duo achieved international success in the late 1990s and early 2000s. This is the title song from their second album, Affirmation, which was recorded in 1999. The duo disbanded in 2001, and Hayes continued as a solo artist.